Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics

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The idea of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) was first introduced in the USA in the 1990s. The idea was to prepare the workforce for the needs of the 21st century. In Hong Kong, a consultation document about STEM education in HK was published in November 2015 and a determination to promote STEM education in HK was shown in the 2016 Policy Address.

In order to prepare our students to face future challenges, official discussions to introduce STEM into the formal curriculum at GHS began in 2015 – 2016. Indeed, much of the necessary equipment was already in place by 2014 – 2015.

By introducing the STEM curriculum, it is anticipated that students will become much more active in solving authentic problems, which will also promote awareness of the importance of self-directed learning.

Our students have a strong interest in the arts, including visual arts, music and performance art. Arts and sciences are not two mutually exclusive disciplines: in recent years, we have seen the seamless integration of technology and design at companies such as Apple, Pixar and Disney, for example. Therefore, the decision was made to add Arts to the STEM curriculum, meaning at GHS our students study STEAM.

The following two thinking frameworks are key elements of the STEAM curriculum:


Design Thinking

Technology is for people. By focusing on the discovery of what people really need through questions and research, useful ideas can be generated. Prototypes can be created through these initial ideas and testing on these can then be carried out. Reviewing and sharing takes place to refine the idea or even go back to the very beginning.

For more information about Design Thinking, you can refer to

Computational Thinking

While design thinking focuses on people’s needs and how to solve their problems, computational thinking generates a general framework of solutions. This framework is especially important in the creating process of design thinking. It comprises several stages:

Decomposition -> Abstraction -> Pattern Recognition -> Algorithm Design -> Evaluation

For more information about Computational Thinking, you can refer to 


STEAM Lessons

Since the 2016 – 2017 academic year, S.1 students have had regular module-based STEAM lessons each week. Students work in groups to accomplish a variety of different tasks. The theme of 2017 - 2018 is "Connect" and the modules are:

1. Using Makey Makey to build and program an interactive device for different age groups
2. Building a street of stores with Arduino
3. Making a Pop-up box / card with circuitry
4. Recycling energy and Arduino 


After a year of trialling the STEAM curriculum, a STEAM day was organized to showcase what S.1 students had learnt. Other activities were also held to promote STEAM at GHS.

Media 1           Media 2



On 24-25/9, we were invited to join the DSS STEM fair to share our experience of STEM with other schools. It was such an eye-opening opportunity.

"During the process, we learnt how to connect different devices as well as write computer programs. Although the set up might have been a little complicated, all of us were able to contribute. We obtained a lot of new ideas and concepts about science and technology from the various school booths. I really loved to cooperate and communicate with my schoolmates in order to show the best side of our inventions. Finally, I hope for more activities related to STEAM at our school and I will make use of the knowledge learnt from the STEM fair to make improvements to our inventions in the future!"
(Yoyo Kong, S2A) 

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